In this subject students learn about the cellular structures and functions of a range of organisms.

About the subject

Students have the opportunity to engage with the work of biologists and to join and initiate debates about how biology impacts on their lives, society, and the environment. Students design, conduct, and gather evidence from their biological investigations. As they explore a range of relevant issues, students recognise that the body of biological knowledge is constantly changing and increasing through the application of new ideas and technologies.

Course Content

Stage 2 Biology is organised around the following four themes:

  • Macromolecules
  • Cells
  • Organisms
  • Ecosystems.

Each theme is divided into the following six threads:

  • Organisation
  • Selectivity
  • Energy Flow
  • Perpetuation
  • Evolution
  • Human Awareness


Students demonstrate evidence of their learning through the following assessment types

School-based AssessmentWeighting
Investigations Folio40%
Skills and Applications Tasks30%
External Assessment 

Information on the External Assessment - Examination (3 hours)

The examination consists of:

  • Multiple-choice questions
  • Short-answer questions
  • Extended response questions (two)

Questions will cover all themes and threads and will include experimental skills.The examination will be graded by external assessors with reference to performance standards.

Performance Standards

The Biology Subject Outline includes performance standards, which describe five levels of achievement that are reported with the grades A to E at the student’s completion of the subject.

The school-based assessments and the external assessment will be graded with reference to the performance standards.

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