Geography

2GEOY

Through the study of Geography, students develop an understanding of the spatial interrelationships between people, places, and environments.

About the subject

Geographers are concerned with describing place, identifying variations and similarities over the Earth’s surface, and explaining spatial associations. The discipline of geography deals with diverse environmental phenomena and human activities, including natural hazards, landforms, tourism, economic development, agriculture, and urban planning.

Course Content

Geography students develop an understanding of how people interact with environments differently in different places and at different times, and of the opportunities and challenges for, and constraints on, such interactions. Students develop an appreciation of the interdependencies of physical and human environments and an understanding of geographical differences. Students come to understand the interconnections between environmental and human systems.

Geographers address the spatial dimensions of the Earth, critically analysing features, events, movements, and other phenomena. Students of Geography identify patterns and trends and explore and analyse geographical relationships and interdependencies. To critically analyse located features, spatial arrangements, and spatial relationships, students acquire and critically analyse field and other data, using a range of field and spatial technology skills.

An important component of geographical inquiry in the twenty-first century is awareness that people are dependent on increasingly threatened human and physical environments. Students use spatial technologies to investigate contemporary issues, and develop knowledge and skills that enable them to contribute to the sustainable use of the Earth’s physical and human environments.

Assessment

The following assessment types enable students to demonstrate their learning in Stage 2 Geography:

  • School Assessment
    • Assessment Type 1: Fieldwork (25%)
    • Assessment Type 2: Inquiry (20%)
    • Assessment Type 3: Folio (25%)
  • External Assessment
    • Assessment Type 4: Examination (30%).

Students provide evidence of their learning through seven to nine assessments, including the external assessment component. Students undertake:

  • one individual fieldwork report
  • one inquiry
  • four to six group and individual assessments for the folio
  • one examination.

Information about the external assessment - Examination

Students undertake one 2-hour written examination on the core topic. Skills assessed are those associated with the use and interpretation of geographical data and information, including maps, as described in the ‘Content’ section. The examination consists of short-answer and extended-answer questions on knowledge, skills, and analysis of data.

Students recall and apply geographical information and show an understanding of the interactions between people and the natural environment. They use geographical concepts to analyse and interpret geographical data. When explaining and discussing geographical data and concepts, students choose and use appropriate geographical terminology.

Performance Standards

The performance standards for geography describe five levels of achievement, A to E. The school-based assessments and the external assessment will be graded with reference to the performance standards.

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Geography
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